Life Insurance

Whole Life Insurance – Meaning, Types and How It Works

Whole Life Insurance – Meaning, Types and How It Works

Whole Life Insurance – Meaning, Types and How It Works


Whole life insurance was the most popular insurance product from the conclusion of WWII to the late 1960s. Policies provided money to relatives in the case of the insured’s untimely death and aided with retirement planning. Many banks and insurance businesses became more interest-sensitive with the passage of the Tax Equity and Fiscal Responsibility Act (TEFRA) in 1982.


ALSO, READ Health Insurance – Meaning, Types And Cost



Individuals considered the advantages of buying whole life insurance versus investing in the stock market, where annualized return rates for the S ; P 500 were 14.76 per cent in 1982 and 17.27 per cent in 1983, adjusted for inflation.

2 Instead of whole life insurance, the majority of people began investing in the stock market and term life insurance.


What Is Whole Life Insurance and How Does It Work?

Whole life insurance gives a death payout for the rest of the insured’s life. Whole life insurance, in addition to giving a death benefit, has a savings component in which cash value can accrue tax-deferred. These policies are sometimes referred to as “conventional” life insurance.

One sort of permanent life insurance is whole life insurance. Others include universal life, indexed universal life, and variable universal life. Whole life insurance is the oldest type of life insurance, although it is not the same as permanent life insurance.

ALSO, READ Top 7 Best Insurance Agencies in Nigeria With Their Offers & Services


  • In contrast to term life insurance, which is only for a set number of years, whole life insurance lasts for the entire life of the policyholder.
  • When a policyholder dies, the policyholder’s whole life insurance policy is paid out to a beneficiary or beneficiaries, provided that the policyholder’s premium payments were kept up to date.
  • Whole life insurance provides a death benefit as well as a savings component where money can be saved.
  • The savings portion of the policy can be invested, and the policyholder can access the cash while still living by withdrawing or borrowing against it as needed.


ALSO, READ Top 10 Best Insurance Agencies In USA (2022)

Whole Life Insurance – Meaning, Types and How It Works


In exchange for level, regularly scheduled premium payments, whole life insurance ensures payment of a death benefit to beneficiaries. Along with the death benefit, the policy provides a savings component known as the “cash value.” Interest may build on a tax-deferred basis in the savings component. Whole life insurance has a cash value that grows over time.


ALSO, READ Top 5 Ways To Get Health Insurance In 2022


A policyholder can pay more than the monthly premium to increase cash value (known as paid-up additions or PUA). Dividends can also be re-invested in the cash value of the policy to earn interest. The policyholder receives a living benefit from the cash value. The dividends and interest earned on the cash value of the insurance will often give a positive return to investors over time, rising larger than the entire amount of premiums paid into the policy. It is, in essence, a source of equity.

The policyholder must request a withdrawal or a loan to gain access to cash reserves. On loans, interest is imposed at different rates depending on the insurer. In addition, the owner is allowed to withdraw cash tax-free up to the number of premiums paid. Unpaid loans lower the death benefit by the amount owed to the estate

Understanding Whole Life Insurance

The cash value of the insurance is reduced by withdrawals and unpaid policy loans. A withdrawal could also reduce or even eliminate the death benefit, depending on the policy type and the quantity of the remaining cash value. While some policies reduce the death benefit dollar for dollar with each withdrawal, others (such as some conventional whole life policies) may reduce the death benefit by an amount more than the amount removed.


ALSO, READ A Study On Why Many Nigerians Are Not Insured – Research


Whole life insurance differs from term life insurance in that it only covers you for a set number of years rather than a lifetime and only pays out a death benefit. There is no cash value with term life insurance.


Particular Points to Consider

The death benefit is usually a predetermined amount specified in the insurance contract. Some plans are eligible for dividend payments, and the policyholder can choose to have the dividends used to acquire extra death benefits, increasing the amount paid at death. Unpaid outstanding debts against the cash value, on the other hand, will lower the death benefit. Many insurance companies offer riders that safeguard the death benefit if the insured becomes incapacitated, critically ill, or dies. An accidental death benefit and a waiver of premium riders are common riders.

A death benefit does not have to be added to the gross income of the listed recipients. The policy’s proceeds, on the other hand, maybe directed to be held in an account and disbursed in instalments by the policy’s owner. Interest earned on the holding account is taxable, and the beneficiary must report it. Also, if the insurance policy was sold before the owner died, the proceeds of the transaction may be subject to taxes.

As with any type of permanent coverage, it’s critical to conduct extensive research on all potential insurers to guarantee they’re among the best whole life insurance firms currently in operation.



AllInsuranceHUB is a blog for everyone who seeks an informative, educative, and knowledge-based online insurance and investment community. We share Biographies, Top-notch investment tips, finance news, insurance policy details and much more. You can read and share thoughts, ideas, and opinions on the finance market and get real-time updates from around the globe.

Website | + posts

I Am a financial analyst, Entrepreneur, Blogger and Business model. With 15 years' Consultancy Experience.


I Am a financial analyst, Entrepreneur, Blogger and Business model. With 15 years' Consultancy Experience.

Leave a Reply

Back to top button
%d bloggers like this: